About the census : Who should fill in a census
Everyone in England and Wales must complete a census or be included on a census for the place where they’re living or staying.
You must complete the census by law
Every householder at an address is responsible for completing a census questionnaire for their household. The householder should either answer the individual questions for all household members or make sure each member answers their own.
If you live in Wales, read more about completing in Welsh.
A householder is a person who usually lives at this address and, on their own or with someone else:
- owns or rents the accommodation, and/or
- pays the household bills and expenses
A household is either:
- one person living alone, or
- a group of people (who do not have to be related) living at the same address who share cooking facilities and share a living room or sitting room or dining area
You need to complete a census if you:
- live in private or rented accommodation
- are a student
- have a second home or empty property
- live somewhere that is mobile, such as a canal boat or motorhome
- live in a care home, armed forces base or similar establishment
- do not live at a fixed address
- live in a refuge
- are in witness protection
Staying in the UK for less than three months
You are not responsible for filling in the census if you’re staying in the UK for less than three months. The owner, accommodation manager or householder where you’re staying may ask you some questions so that they can fill in the census about the people staying there.