22. Do you have any physical or mental health conditions or illnesses lasting or expected to last 12 months or more?

Why we ask this question

Your answer helps your community by allowing your local authority to understand the health needs of the people in your area both now and in the future. For example, people with long-term medical conditions are likely to need more support from the NHS. By measuring long-term conditions, your local authority can see how people will use the NHS in the future. They can then make plans to set aside resources and provide the right services for your community.

This information also helps develop and monitor policies to make sure that everyone is treated fairly. These policies affect the way that public bodies provide healthcare and aim to reduce health inequalities. They also help work towards improving the general health of the people in your area and the rest of England and Wales.

The census first asked this question in 1991.

It's up to you how you answer this question. If you believe you have a physical or mental health condition or illness that will last 12 months or more, select "Yes".

Remember to include physical or mental health conditions:

  • that are not curable, even if medication or treatment can control symptoms
  • that you're likely to have for the rest of your life
  • that flare up from time to time, even if the flare up doesn't last 12 months, for example, eczema
  • that may not be perceived as serious and don't affect day-to-day activities, but are still long lasting
  • that are managed by treatment and lifestyle adjustments and don't affect day-to-day activities, but are still long lasting

Please don't include temporary conditions, however serious they might be.

If you don’t have any health conditions, or if any you do have are not expected to last 12 months or more, select "No".

Examples of physical or mental health conditions or illnesses
  • Sensory conditions, for example, sight and hearing loss
  • Mental health conditions or illnesses, for example, anxiety, depression and eating disorders
  • Developmental conditions, for example, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), which includes Asperger syndrome, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Genetic conditions, for example, Down syndrome and cystic fibrosis
  • Learning impairments, for example, dyslexia and processing issues
  • Heart and other circulatory conditions, for example, heart disease and high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Respiratory conditions, for example, asthma
  • Digestive conditions, for example, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and Crohn's disease
  • Seasonal conditions that recur or are expected to recur in the future, for example, hay fever
Important information:

Answering for someone else

If you're answering on behalf of someone else, where possible you should ask them how they want to answer. If they’re away, select the answer you think they would choose.